NYC’s Most Famous Skyscrapers and The History Behind them
Skyscrapers started appearing in large cities during the late 1800s and throughout the 1900s. In fact, some cities competed with each other to construct the world’s tallest building. New York City is known for its iconic skyscrapers and unmistakable skyline. There are several famous NYC skyscrapers that should not be missed.
One World Trade Center
After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 President George W. Bush, Mayor Rudy Giuliani, and Governor George Pataki vowed to rebuild the World Trade Center. The result is the One World Trade Center which is the tallest skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere clocking in at 1,776 feet. The height of 1,776 feet is no accident; it symbolizes the founding year of the United States. President Barack Obama paid a visit to the site and wrote this passage on a steel beam: “We remember, we rebuild, we come back stronger!”
Empire State Building
The Empire State Building was the tallest building a in the world from 1931 until 1970 when the North Tower of the original World Trade Center was completed. Owned by the Empire State Realty Trust, the Empire State Building has 102 stories and is 1,454 feet high. The American Society of Civil Engineers included the building in its Seven Wonders of the Modern World. It is a New York City Landmark and became a National Historic Landmark in 1986. Officially the building opened on May 1, 1931 when President Herbert Hoover turned on the lights. Famous visitors include Queen Elizabeth, Tom Cruise, Ronald McDonald, KISS, and Lassie. Presidential hopeful Senator Marco Rubio proposed to his wife Jeanette atop the building on Valentine’s Day in 1997.
The Chrysler Building is another well-known skyscraper in New York. It opened in May 1930 as the tallest building in the world at 1,046 ft. This title lasted less than a year when the Empire State Building was completed in April 1931. The structure is well known for its Art Deco architecture which includes ornate radiating arches and gargoyles at the corners. The Chrysler Building became a National Historic Landmark as well as a New York City Landmark in 1976 and 1978, respectively. The building is primarily office space so there is no access to the upper floors. But there is a dentist on the 69th floor you can visit with a toothache!
At just 58-stories Trump Tower is not one of the tallest buildings, but it is notable because of its owner and tenant, Presidential-hopeful Donald J. Trump. It opened in 1983 as a mixed-use building in Midtown Manhattan. Famous residents over the years include Bruce Willis, Andrew Lloyd-Webber, and Michael Jackson. It was also used as the setting for the TV show The Apprentice.